Gordon MacPhee

Clay Shooting Coach and Gun Sales

email gordon@macphee.co.nz or phone (06) 322-8130 or 021 434591

Sections For Sale
Gun Care
NZ Gun Laws
Gun Sales
True Flight 400 Trap
MacPhee Engineering


Regular cleaning is important in order for your gun to operate correctly and safely. Taking proper care of it will also maintain its value and extend its life. Your shotgun should be cleaned every time that it is used.

A gun brought out of prolonged storage should also be cleaned before shooting. Accumulated moisture and dirt, or solidified grease and oil, can prevent the gun from operating properly.

Before cleaning your gun, make absolutely sure that it is unloaded. The gun's action should be open during the cleaning process. Also be sure that no ammunition is present.


After shooting, clean and lubricate your shotgun. At the end of a hunting season, or annually, have your gun completely cleaned, including internal mechanisms, by a competent gunsmith. Proper periodic maintenance is important for the reliable functioning of any firearm.

Before cleaning, make sure the gun is unloaded. Keep the chamber open.

To minimize the possibility of damage to the screw-in choke inserts and the barrel threads, it is recommended that a set of choke inserts be kept correctly tightened into the barrel at all times, including storage and cleaning. Cleaning the barrels without the choke inserts in place can push dirt and other fouling into the barrel threads, which will interfere with proper installation of the choke inserts.

1. Disassemble the firearm.
2. Clean the bore with care by passing a cleaning rod with a cotton patch coated with gun oil to remove combustion residues. If necessary, use a bronze brush. Also include the chambers in your cleaning operation.
3. Run a clean dry patch through the bore to remove oil residues.
4. Lightly oil the inside of the barrels with a clean cotton patch coated in gun oil.
5. With similar procedure, clean the internal face of the action body (especially around the firing pin holes) and lubricate lightly.
Do not pour lubricant into the firing pin holes.

6. Clean and lubricate lightly the mechanism of the forend iron and relative hook of the barrels.
The hinge pin area is a very important mating surface. The receiver and forend iron are subject to very high loads. Improper lubrication of these components can cause seizing of parts or malfunctioning of the shotgun. Before using the shotgun, make sure that lubricant is present as instructed.

7. Clean with care the external surfaces of the gun to remove any trace of dirt, sweat and fingerprints. Apply a thin film of gun oil with a cotton patch.
Use lubricants properly: you are responsible for the proper care and maintenance of your firearm. Do not apply excess oil. Accumulation of oil attracts dirt, which can interfere with the functioning and reliability of the gun.

Excessive oil and grease obstructing the bore - even partially - is very dangerous when firing and may cause damage to the shotgun and serious injury to the shooter and bystanders.

Never spray or apply oil to the shotshells. If the shotshell charge is affected by the lubricant, it may not be ignited, but the primer firing may push shot into the bore where they may be lodged. Firing a subsequent shot into the obstructed bore may damage the gun and cause serious injury or death to the shooter and those nearby.

Once disassembled, the firearm (barrel/forend and receiver/stock) should be stored in the supplied case or box. Before storage, always check the conditions of the gun and its case or box. Make sure that they are perfectly dry. Moisture and water could cause damage to the shotgun.



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